Treating vomiting animals is important but the cause of the vomiting must be found and managed. Each systemic disease is different and requires different treatment plans. Foreign bodies need to be removed with an endoscope. Treatment is based on the cause of vomiting.
Sometimes, the cause can not be found. Animals will often just throw up for no reason! Animals should be examined regardless of how many times the animal has vomited. Treatment of vomiting is based around resting the stomach. This allows the stomach muscle to rest and heal. In the hospital, dogs are frequently given injections to stop vomiting. They include: famotidine, Cerenia®, or ondansetron. Famotidine and Cerenia® are also available for oral administration.
Animals that have a systemic disease or are extremely dehydrated will be hospitalized and given fluids via a intravenous route. This hydration is important plus helps to maintain blood flow to the kidneys as well as replenish lost electrolytes. Once animals have been treated with fluids and anti-vomiting drugs the stomach is allowed to rest. Small amounts of fluid are than allowed. If they stay done a bland diet of chicken and rice can be offered in SMALL doses!! Animals are than discharged on the appropriate therapy needed to treat the primary cause as well as anti-vomiting drugs plus an appropriate diet. Owners can feed small amounts of chicken (or beef) and rice in a ratio of 1 part meat to 3 parts boiled rice. If you use hamburger, boil it so as to remove all the grease. If you do not want to cook, purchase Hill's® Prescription Canine i/d or Hill's® Prescription Feline i/d from your veterinarian. If your dog or cat has an off and on problem with vomiting, it may be food induced. Maintaining pets on these prescription diets often stops regular vomiting altogether.
The type of fluids administered to the pet at home is crucial. Do not give pets cow's milk. It will make them vomit and have diarrhea. Dogs can not digest milk sugar since they do not have enough lactase enzyme to do the job. Plain water can be difficult to stay down on an upset stomach. Try offering small amounts of a sport drink such as Gatorade®. If the animal does not drink it straight, try diluting it in a bit of room temperature water. Dogs love ice cubes. Freeze some sports drink and throw just a few ice cubes of it into the dog's water bowl. Sports drinks will help to replenish electrolytes lost during vomiting plus will make the dog or cat feel much better at the gut level.